December 2022 A6 Exam Dumps

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Exam Code: A6 Practice test 2022 by team
Analysing the Supply Market
CIPS Analysing history
Killexams : CIPS Analysing history - BingNews Search results Killexams : CIPS Analysing history - BingNews Killexams : Analyzing Nokia's Short Interest

Nokia's NOK short percent of float has fallen 5.13% since its last report. The company recently reported that it has 20.48 million shares sold short, which is 0.37% of all regular shares that are available for trading. Based on its trading volume, it would take traders 0.8 days to cover their short positions on average.

Why Short Interest Matters

Short interest is the number of shares that have been sold short but have not yet been covered or closed out. Short selling is when a trader sells shares of a company they do not own, with the hope that the price will fall. Traders make money from short selling if the price of the stock falls and they lose if it rises.

Short interest is important to track because it can act as an indicator of market sentiment towards a particular stock. An increase in short interest can signal that investors have become more bearish, while a decrease in short interest can signal they have become more bullish.

See Also: List of the most shorted stocks

Nokia Short Interest Graph (3 Months)

As you can see from the chart above the percentage of shares that are sold short for Nokia has declined since its last report. This does not mean that the stock is going to rise in the near-term but traders should be aware that less shares are being shorted.

Comparing Nokia's Short Interest Against Its Peers

Peer comparison is a popular technique amongst analysts and investors for gauging how well a company is performing. A company's peer is another company that has similar characteristics to it, such as industry, size, age, and financial structure. You can find a company's peer group by reading its 10-K, proxy filing, or by doing your own similarity analysis.

According to Benzinga Pro, Nokia's peer group average for short interest as a percentage of float is 5.91%, which means the company has less short interest than most of its peers.

Did you know that increasing short interest can actually be bullish for a stock? This post by Benzinga Money explains how you can profit from it..

This article was generated by Benzinga's automated content engine and was reviewed by an editor.

© 2022 Benzinga does not provide investment advice. All rights reserved.

Fri, 14 Oct 2022 22:26:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : How to analyze an earnings report — Part 4: The ratios

Peopleimages | Getty Images

One thing that separates fledgling investors from the pros is reading financial statements. For amateurs, comparing the so-called headline numbers — sales and earnings — to estimates is the full extent of research into a company, whereas in more experienced hands, they are just a starting point. If you want to become a better investor, make like a pro and digest the financials. It's the best way to truly understand a company's performance. In the lead up to the start of earnings season later this month, we've put together a five-part series to help Club members better understand all the tables and charts and how to analyze them. Here's Part 4: The ratios.

Mon, 10 Oct 2022 05:47:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : How to analyze an earnings report — Part 2: The balance sheet

One thing that separates fledgling investors from the pros is reading financial statements. For amateurs, comparing the so-called headline numbers — sales and earnings — to estimates is the full extent of research into a company, whereas in more experienced hands, they are just a starting point. If you want to become a better investor, make like a pro and digest the financials. It's the best way to truly understand a company's performance. In the lead up to the start of earnings season later this month, we've put together a five-part series to help Club members better understand all the tables and charts and how to analyze them. Here's Part 2: the balance sheet.

Mon, 10 Oct 2022 05:45:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : CIPS inducts four new CIPS Fellows: Dr. Ken Barker, Derek Burt, Beverley Gooding, and Utpal Mangla

CIPS, Canada’s Association of Information Technology Professionals, has inducted four new CIPS Fellows: Dr. Ken Barker, Derek Burt, Beverley Gooding, and Utpal Mangla. Since 2005 CIPS Fellow Membership has been awarded to professionals in the Information Technology sector who have made an outstanding contribution to the advancement of the IT profession or industry in Canada.

Being awarded the CIPS Fellow status is earned recognition of significant development or outstanding contribution to the advancement of the profession, computer technology, the ICT sector or the adoption of ICT. Contributions can be made at a local, provincial, national or international level. Contributions can be made within or for the profession, business or government or industry. They can be made through research, systems development, education, authorship, public policy or advocacy.

The Fellow is the highest class of membership offered by CIPS and can only be obtained with approval from the CIPS National Board of Directors. Fellow Members have agreed to uphold the highest standards of ethics and professional conduct. They also help to promote CIPS and the association’s initiatives and causes within their sphere of influence. Fellow Members use the designation “FCIPS” after their name.

CIPS is pleased to induct the following four new CIPS Fellows and thanks them for their contribution to CIPS and Canada’s IT profession and community.

Dr. Ken Barker FCIPS, I.S.P., ITCP is a professor of computer science at the University of Calgary. He holds a PhD in computing science from the University of Alberta (1990) and has many years of experience working with industrial computer systems. He has interest in system integration, distributed systems, database systems, and the privacy and security of data repositories.

He has served as the dean of the faculty of science and as head of computer science at the University of Calgary. He is the director of the University of Calgary’s Institute for Security, Privacy and Information Assurance and the president of the Alberta body of the Canadian Information Processing Society (CIPS Alberta). He is a Fellow of the Canadian Global Affairs Institute, a Senior Member of the IEEE, and a Life-time Member of the ACM.

Ken is currently the President of CIPS Alberta and is a past president of the Canadian Association of Computer Science (CACS/AIC) in addition to having served on the Computer Science Accreditation Council.  As the director of research laboratories at the University of Calgary and University of Manitoba he has supervised over 70 graduate students, in addition to several post-doctorates and research assistants. Dr. Barker has published over 250 peer-reviewed publications.

Lean more at Ken’s CIPS Fellows profile at:

Derek Burt, FCIPS, I.S.P., ITCP has been a CIPS member for over a decade and was a long-time volunteer with CIPS in Saskatchewan (including serving as the President of CIPS Regina and a member of the CIPS Saskatchewan Governance Transition Taskforce) before relocating to Alberta in 2013. Derek is currently serving as Acting Treasurer for CIPS Alberta and has been Chair of the CIPS National Board of Directors since 2017.

In 2010, Derek was awarded the Marilyn Harris Award for IT Professionalism. Derek graduated from a CIPS-accredited computer science program at the University of Regina and has served on numerous private and public boards.

Derek is currently an Enterprise Architect and member the IT Architecture team at WestJet Airlines, Ltd. He is an IT Architect by trade, whose primary expertise lies in Enterprise Architecture as well as Business, Solution, and Application Architecture, particularly producing IT architectures for open platforms. He has experience leading projects, teams, and organizations, has worked with a wide variety of clients from across North America, and has been a frequent public speaker.

Lean more at Derek’s CIPS Fellows profile at:

Beverley Gooding, FCIPS, I.S.P. (ret.)  has worked in the IT sector since 1970, working at SaskTel, INCO, and SGI,.and retired in 2014. Bev has been a CIPS member and I.S.P. Certification holder since 1991 and has held many positions in CIPS over the years on both CIPS Saskatchewan and CIPS National, including being on the CIPS National Board of Directors from 2001 – 2008 as a Regional Director and National Student Director.

In CIPS Regina (a former section of CIPS Saskatchewan) she was co-Chair of the Programming Committee, Regional Director, Vice-President, President, and Chair of the annual conference, Spring Seminar.

Bev became the CIPS Saskatchewan Registrar in 2005 and still holds this position on the CIPS Saskatchewan Executive Board.

Bev noted: “Personally, I am very grateful for the opportunities I have been provided while working with CIPS. I have developed and enhanced various skills which have helped me personally and with my career. e.g. project management, working with volunteer staff, interviewing, mentoring, learning nuances of dealing with government, etc.”

Lean more at Bev’s CIPS Fellows profile at:

Utpal Mangla (MBA, PEng, CMC, FCIPS, I.S.P., ITCP, PMP, ITIL, CSM, FBCS) is a General Manager responsible for Telco Industry & EDGE Clouds in IBM. Prior to that, he was the VP, Senior Partner and Global Leader of TME Industry’s Centre of Competency. In addition, Utpal led the ‘Innovation Practice’ focusing on AI, 5G EDGE, Hybrid Cloud and Blockchain technologies for clients worldwide.

Utpal has been with IBM (and PwC) since 1998. With 20+ years of experience, Utpal is a highly motivated & dynamic leader who thrives in challenging environments. He is reputed for his trust, problem solving and organizational skills. Recipient of numerous client excellence awards, he is recognized as “IBM Top Talent”.

Utpal is a regular speaker at industry forums, univ and business conferences globally, including MWC, THINK, TMForum, Dreamforce, Cannes, Fierce 5G and CEM Telecoms. With 50+ articles, Utpal contributes to industry blogs, analyst reports and emerging marketplace trends. He has been quoted in Fortune, Bloomberg, GSMA, LF and BusinessWire.

Utpal is an active contributor & member of FORBES council, AI Think Tank at Cognitive World, is current chair of ISSIP Strategy Council, member of CompTIA’s IoT Advisory leadership and was on board of ATIS. Utpal is also member of IBM’s Executive Partner Promotion committee, Talent Ecosystem & 5G EDGE Acceleration teams.

Lean more at Utpal Mangla’s CIPS Fellows profile at:

Learn more about CIPS Fellows at and view CIPS Fellow Members at:


CIPS (Canadian Information Processing Society) is a National IT Federation of 10 Provincial regulators that license IT professionals in Canada and abroad. Since 1958 CIPS has helped advance Canada’s IT profession by establishing standards, best practices, and integrity for the benefit of IT professionals and the public interest. As “Canada’s Association of Information Technology Professionals” we represent thousands of members across the country.

CIPS provides:

Learn more about CIPS at

Follow CIPS on LinkedIn:


Jonathan Elias
Chief Marketing Officer
CIPS – Canada’s Association of IT Professionals

Mon, 19 Sep 2022 07:32:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Analysis: How well-meaning land acknowledgements can erase Indigenous people and sanitize history

Many events these days begin with land acknowledgments: earnest statements acknowledging that activities are taking place, or institutions, businesses and even homes are built, on land previously owned by Indigenous peoples.

And many organizations now call on employees to incorporate such statements not only at events but in email signatures, videos, syllabuses and so on. Organizations provide resources to facilitate these efforts, including pronunciation guides and video examples.

Some land acknowledgments are carefully constructed in partnership with the dispossessed. The Burke Museum at the University of Washington in Seattle describes this process:

“Tribal elders and leaders are the experts and knowledge-bearers who generously shared their perspectives and guidance with the Burke. Through this consultation, we co-created the Burke’s land acknowledgement.”

That acknowledgment reads:

“We stand on the lands of the Coast Salish peoples, whose ancestors have resided here since Time Immemorial. Many Indigenous peoples thrive in this place—alive and strong.”

Land acknowledgments have been used to start conversations regarding how non-Indigenous people can support Indigenous sovereignty and advocate for land repatriation.

Yet the historical and anthropological facts demonstrate that many contemporary land acknowledgments unintentionally communicate false ideas about the history of dispossession and the current realities of American Indians and Alaska Natives. And those ideas can have detrimental consequences for Indigenous peoples and nations.

READ MORE: States return recordings of Indigenous oral histories to tribal control

This is why, in a move that surprised many non-Indigenous anthropologists to whom land acknowledgments seemed a public good, the Association of Indigenous Anthropologists requested that the American Anthropological Association officially pause land acknowledgments and the related practice of the welcoming ritual, in which Indigenous persons open conferences with prayers or blessings. The pause will enable a task force to recommend improvements after examining these practices and the history of the field’s relationship with American Indians and Alaska Natives more broadly.

We are three anthropologists directly involved in the request — Valerie Lambert of the Choctaw Nation and president of the Association of Indigenous Anthropologists; Michael Lambert of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians and member of the Association of Indigenous Anthropologists; and EJ Sobo, an American Anthropological Association board member charged with representing interests such as those of the Association of Indigenous Anthropologists. We’d like to further illuminate this Indigenous position, not from the association’s perspective but from our perspective as scholars.

‘What was once yours is now ours’

No data exists to demonstrate that land acknowledgments lead to measurable, concrete change. Instead, they often serve as little more than feel-good public gestures signaling ideological conformity to what historians Amna Khalid and Jeffrey Aaron Snyder have called – in the context of higher education’s diversity, equity and inclusion efforts – “a naïve, left-wing, paint-by-numbers approach” to social justice.

Take, for instance, the evocation in many acknowledgments of a time when Indigenous peoples acted as “stewards” or “custodians” of the land now occupied. This and related references – for example, to “ancestral homelands” – relegate Indigenous peoples to a mythic past and fails to acknowledge that they owned the land. Even if unintentionally, such assertions tacitly affirm the putative right of non-Indigenous people to now claim title.

This is also implied in what goes unsaid: After acknowledging that an institution sits on another’s land, there is no follow-up. Plans are almost never articulated to give the land back. The implication is: “What was once yours is now ours.”

Additionally, in most cases these statements fail to acknowledge the violent trauma of land being stolen from Indigenous people – the death, dispossession and displacement of countless individuals and much collective suffering. The afterlives of these traumas are deeply felt and experienced in Indigenous communities.

But because non-Indigenous people are generally unaware of this trauma, land acknowledgments are often heard by Indigenous peoples as the denial of that trauma. This perspective is reinforced by a tendency to cast Indigenous peoples as part of prehistory, suggesting that the trauma of dispossession, if it happened at all, did not happen to real or wholly human people.

Further, land acknowledgments can undermine Indigenous sovereignty in ways that are both insidious and often incomprehensible to non-Indigenous people.

For example, non-Indigenous people tend to seek local “Indigenous” affirmation of their acknowledgment performance, such as by arranging for a conference blessing or Welcome to Country ritual. Such rites often feature the voices of people who, in Indigenous Studies scholar Kim TallBear’s words, play at being Indian – that is, those who have no legitimate claim to an Indigenous identity or sovereign nation status but represent themselves as such.

Sovereignty and alienation

Appropriation of American Indian and Alaska Native identity by individuals who are not members of sovereign tribes, referred to as “pretendians” by actual American Indians and Alaska Natives, is endemic. Actor Iron Eyes Cody, for instance, built a decadeslong career on it despite his Italian heritage.

Demographic data suggests that pretendians outnumber real American Indian and Alaska Natives by a ratio of at least 4 to 1. In some cases, pretendians persist in their claims in the face of clear documentation to the contrary.

When non-Indigenous people allow pretendians authority regarding land acknowledgments and blessing ceremonies, it irreparably harms sovereign Indigenous nations and their citizens. The most threatening message communicated by these acts is that American Indian identity is a racial or ethnic identity that anyone can claim through self-identification. This is not true.

WATCH: Colorado college reckons with a troubling legacy of erasing Indigenous culture

American Indian identity is a political identity based on citizenship in an Indigenous nation whose sovereignty has been acknowledged by the U.S. government. Sovereign Indigenous nations, and only these nations have the authority to determine who is and is not a citizen, and hence who is and is not an American Indian or Alaska Native.

Anything less would undermine the entire body of Indian Law, undoing tribal sovereignty. As Rebecca Nagle of the Cherokee Nation explains in “This Land,” American Indians and Alaska Natives would effectively cease to exist.

And so, particularly when they perpetuate misunderstandings of Indigenous identities, land acknowledgments done wrong are heard by Indigenous peoples as the final blow: a definitive apocalyptic vision of a world in which Indigenous sovereignty and land rights will not be recognized and will be claimed never to have really existed.

Respect and restoration

Land acknowledgments are not harmful, we believe, if they are done in a way that is respectful of the Indigenous nations who claim the land, accurately tell the story of how the land passed from Indigenous to non-Indigenous control, and chart a path forward for redressing the harm inflicted through the process of land dispossession.

What many Indigenous persons want from a land acknowledgment is, first, a clear statement that the land needs to be restored to the Indigenous nation or nations that previously had sovereignty over the land.

This is not unrealistic: There are many creative ways to take restorative measures and even to give land back, such as by returning U.S. national parks to the appropriate tribes. Following from this, land acknowledgments must reveal a sincere commitment to respecting and enhancing Indigenous sovereignty.

If an acknowledgment is discomforting and triggers uncomfortable conversations versus self-congratulation, it is likely on the right track.

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

The Conversation

Mon, 10 Oct 2022 11:09:00 -0500 en-us text/html
Killexams : The History Between Georgia and Missouri Killexams : The History Between Missouri and Georgia Football - Sports Illustrated Georgia Bulldogs News, Analysis and More Skip to main content Tue, 27 Sep 2022 08:29:00 -0500 en text/html Killexams : Analyzing nuggets from Microsoft Ignite and Google Cloud Next

This past week, we saw two of the Big Three cloud providers present an update of their respective cloud visions, business progress, announcements and innovations. The content at these events had many overlapping themes, including modern cloud infrastructure at global scale, applying advanced machine intelligence, end-to-end data platforms, the future of work, automation and a taste of the metaverse and Web 3.0. And more.

Despite the striking similarities, the differences between these two cloud platforms, and that of Amazon Web Services Inc., remain significant. Microsoft Corp. is leveraging its massive application software footprint to dominate virtually all markets, and Google LLC doing everything in its power to keep up with the frenetic pace of today’s cloud innovation that was set into motion a decade and a half ago by AWS.

In this Breaking Analysis, we unpack the immense amount of content presented by the chief executives of Microsoft and Google Cloud at Microsoft Ignite and Google Cloud Next. We’ll also quantify with Enterprise Technology Research survey data the relative position of these two cloud giants in four key sectors – cloud infrastructure as a service, business intelligence analytics, data platforms and collaboration software.

Hybrid events are the thing

Google Cloud Next took place live over 24 hours in six cities around the world with the main gathering in New York City. Microsoft Ignite, normally attended by 30,000 people, had a smaller event in Seattle with a virtual audience around the world. AWS re:Invent, of course, is much different. Yes, there’s a virtual component, but it’s all about a big live audience gathering.

Regardless, Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella’s keynote address was pre-recorded, highly produced and substantive. It was visionary and energetic with a strong message that Azure was a platform to allow customers to build their digital business – doing more with less was a key theme.

Infrastructure at scale transcending Azure with Arc

Nadella covered a lot of ground — starting with infrastructure from the compute, highlighting a collaboration with Arm-based Ampere Computing LLC processors, new block storage, 60 regions and 175,000 miles of fiber cables around the world. He presented a meaningful multicloud message with Azure Arc to support on-premises and edge workloads and talked about confidential computing at the infrastructure level — a theme we hear from all cloud vendors.


He then went deeper into the end-to-end data platform that Microsoft is building from the core data stores to analytics to governance and the myriad tooling Microsoft offers.

AI and automation

AI was next with a big focus on automation, AI and training. Nadella showed demos of machines coding and debugging code, machines automatically creating designs for creative workers and how Power Automate, Microsoft’s robotic process automation tooling, would combine with Microsoft Syntex (content processing) to understand documents and provide standard ways for organizations to communicate.

Developers and GitHub Copilot

There was, of course, a big focus on Azure as a developer cloud platform, with GitHub Copilot as a linchpin using AI to assist coders, and he spoke about low-code/no-code innovations that are coming.

Workforce transformation

Another giant theme was workforce transformation and how Microsoft is using its heritage in collaboration and productivity software to move beyond “productivity paranoia” – i.e., are remote workers doing their jobs – to a world where collaboration is built into intelligent workflows. Nadella showed a glimpse of the future with AI-powered avatars and partnerships with Meta Platforms Inc. and Cisco Systems Inc. around Microsoft Teams.


And finally there was security, with a bevy of tools from identity, endpoint governance and the like stressing a suite of tools from a single provider – Microsoft.

Unpacking Nadella’s commentary

There are several point we’d like to make on the keynote, including the following:

  • Microsoft is following in the footsteps of AWS with silicon advancements and didn’t much emphasize that trend with the exception of the Ampere mention. But the company is successfully building out cloud infrastructure at massive scale — there is no debate there;
  • Its play on data is to try to provide more simplified and abstracted solutions, which differs from AWS’ current approach of delivering the right database tool for the right job;
  • Microsoft’s automation play appears to provide simple individual productivity tools and make it really easy for users to drive bottoms up initiatives. We heard from UiPath Inc. at Forward5 a different vision of horizontal automation, end-to-end across software-as-a-service and data platforms;
  • Microsoft’s play on workforce transformation is visionary and will continue to solidify its dominant position with Teams and 365. And it will drive cloud infrastructure consumption by default;
  • On security, as a cloud player Microsoft must have world-class security and Azure does. But the knock on Microsoft is Patch Tuesday becomes Hack Wednesday because Microsoft releases so many patches so frequently that it has become a roadmap and trigger point for hackers to act before the patches are implemented. As well, Microsoft is competing directly with many of the best-of-breed platforms such as CrowdStrike Holdings Inc. and Okta Inc., which have market momentum and appear to be more attractive horizontal plays for customers. But again it’s Microsoft and it makes it easy and inexpensive to adopt, and the company’s strategy is working brilliantly.

Some dubious claims by Nadella

Despite the outstanding presentation by Nadella, there were a couple of statements that should raise questions.

We’ve made a convenient edit to the callout on the right above. We agree Microsoft is trusted and ubiquitous cloud – but don’t quite agree that is “the” one and only. Nadella made at least two other statements that we felt warranted a challenge:

Azure is the only cloud that supports all organizations and all workloads from enterprises to startups to highly regulated industries.


Azure is the only cloud provider enabling highly regulated industries to bring their most sensitive applications to the cloud.

We reached out to CUBE collaborator Sarbjeet Johal about these statements. He as well was surprised by this claim. He pointed out that AWS has supports more certifications than Microsoft and we would think it has a reasonable case to dispute these claims. As well, on claiming that Azure is the only cloud provider enabling highly regulated industries to bring their most sensitive applications to the cloud, we think reasonable people can debate whether AWS is there yet but very clearly Oracle Corp. and IBM Corp. would have something to say about that statement.

Perhaps Nadella doesn’t consider Oracle and IBM as clouds. We would agree they’re not in the class of the Big Three hyperscale clouds, but they are clouds in our view.

Nadella also made the claim that the Edge browser, “no questions asked,” is the best browser for business. We can see some people having questions about that. Like – isn’t Edge based on Chrome?

So we just have to question these statements and challenge Microsoft to defend them because to us it’s a bit of BS and makes one wonder what else in his excellent keynote was real and what was hyperbole.

Moving on to Google Cloud Next

Alphabet CEO comments

The Google keynote started with CEO Sundar Pichai doing a remote session stressing the importance of Google Cloud. He mentioned that Google Cloud, based on its third-quarter earnings was on a $25 billion annual run rate. Pichai didn’t mention that it’s also on a $3.6 billion annual operating loss run rate based on its first-half performance. And we’ll dig into this issue more a bit later in this post.

He also stressed that the investments that Google has made to support its core business such as its global network of 22 subsea cables, YouTube innovations, BigQuery to support search, its threat analysis and AI, all leveraged by Google Cloud Platform.

This is all true. Google has awesome tech. Pichai’s remarks were forward-thinking and laid out a vision of the future but he didn’t address in our view today’s challenges to the degree that Microsoft did – and we expect AWS will at re:Invent this year.

Kurian emphasizes customer traction

Google Cloud CEO Thomas Kurian then took over and did a very good job of highlighting customers. Nine of the 10 top media firms use Google Cloud; eight out of the top 10 manufacturers; nine of the top 10 retailers; same for telecom, same for healthcare, and eight of the top 10 retail banks. Kurian and Pichai specifically referenced Avery Dennison, Groupe Renault, H&M, Johns Hopkins, Prudential, Mina Bank, ANZ Bank and many others during the session. And they gave many examples of customers not just utilizing Google’s productivity tools but substantive work in data, AI and other services from GCP.

Infrastructure focus

Like Microsoft, Google talked about infrastructure – Kurian announced the general availability of the latest tensor processing units for training… and emphasized compute optionality, mentioning partnerships with Intel Corp. and Nvidia Corp. He also talked about the buildout of cloud regions and the requisite storage services.

Kurian also stressed how new workloads were emerging that required new infrastructure. Again, as we’ve extensively discussed in Breaking Analysis, in our view, when it comes to compute, AWS via its Annapurna acquisition is well ahead of the pack with regard to custom silicon. But all three companies are investing in that area and heavily in infrastructure, which is great news for customers and the ecosystem.

Google data and AI: a messaging page from Snowflake and Databricks

Data and AI go hand-in-hand and there was no shortage of data talk. Google didn’t mention Snowflake Inc. (or Databricks Inc.), but it did mention Google’s “Open Data Cloud.” Now maybe Google has used that term before but Snowflake has been marketing the data cloud concept for a couple of years now, so that struck me as a shot across the bow to a partner and competitor.

And BigQuery is a centerpiece of Google’s data strategy. Kurian spoke about how they can take any data from any source in any format from any cloud provider with BigQuery Omni, aggregate it and understand it. And with support of Apache Iceberg, Delta and Hudi (coming soon), there’s an initiative called the Data Cloud Alliance. So without specifically mentioning Snowflake or Databricks, Kurian co-opted a lot of messaging from these two leading data players.

Such is life in tech.

Google Workspace and dev tools

Kurian also talked about Google Workspace and how it’s now at 8 million users, up from 6 million just two years ago. There was also a lot of discussion on developer optionality and several details on tools supported and the open mantra of Google.

Security: a shot at Amazon’s shared responsibility model

Finally on security, Google brought out Kevin Mandia, a CUBE alum who is CEO of Mandiant, a leading security services provider and consultancy. Google acquired Mandiant for about $5.3 billion recently. They talked about moving from shared responsibility to shared fate. This appears to be a clear shot across AWS’ bow. It’s unclear that Google will pay the same penalty if a customer doesn’t live up to its shared responsibility, but we can probably assume the customer will bear the brunt of the pain.

Nonetheless, Mandiant is interesting because it is a services play. And Google has stated that it’s not a services company and it’s giving partners and the channel plenty of room to play, so we’ll see what it does with Mandiant. Regardless, Mandiant brings a very strong enterprise capability in the single most important area – security.

Importantly, unlike Microsoft, Google is not competing with leaders such as Okta and CrowdStrike. Rather, it’s partnering aggressively with them and that’s a differentiator from Microsoft. AWS is also heavily leaning into partnering with the security ecosystem.

Survey data tells the story of cloud competition

Let’s get into the survey data and see how Microsoft and Google are positioned in four key markets – IaaS, BI/analytics, database/data platforms and collaboration software.

The IaaS cloud lineup

ETR is just about to release its October survey, so we can’t share that data yet. We can only show July data, but we’ve given you some directional hints at what’s coming. The chart above shows Net Score or spending momentum on the vertical axis and Overlap or presence in the data – i.e., how pervasive the platform is – on the horizontal plane. And we’ve inserted the Wikibon estimates of IaaS revenue in the able to the bottom right.

A couple of points to help you navigate this busy data chart.

  • First Microsoft and AWS are dominant on both axes. The red dotted line at 40% represents a highly elevated spending velocity and all of the Big Three are above the line.
  • At the same time, GCP is well behind the two leaders in terms of market presence and you can see that from the revenue projections in the table insert. Why is Azure bigger in the ETR survey when AWS is larger according to Wikibon? The answer is because Microsoft, with products like 365, will be considered cloud by customers and in the insert we’re stripping out applications from Microsoft and Google —  isolating on IaaS only. Wikibon estimates of Google’s revenue also strips out productivity and collaboration software.
  • The other point is there is when you take a look at the early October returns you see downward pressure on every name, with the exception of Dell and IBM showing slightly improved momentum.

So the survey data generally confirms what we know – that AWS and Azure have a massive lead and strong momentum in the market. But the untold story is below the line. Unlike Google Cloud, which is on pace to lose well over $3 billion on an operating basis this year, AWS’ operating profit is around $20 billion annually. Microsoft’s Intelligent Cloud generated more than $30 billion in operating income last fiscal year.

Let that sink in for a moment.

Google is playing the long game – lots of work ahead

Google has traction in the market with key customers. Kurian gave some nice proof points in his keynote presentation… more than enough to convince the skeptics that GCP is real. But the data above underscores the lead Microsoft and AWS have on Google in cloud. And as the data below shows, the two leaders are executing noticeably better on the customer front.

The above graphic shows a breakdown of ETR’s proprietary Net Score methodology. It asks customers if they’re adopting the platform new (lime green), spending more than 6% (forest green), flat spend (gray), spending down 6% or worse (pinkish color) or replacing the platform (bright red). Subtract reds from greens, and you get a Net Score.

One impressive caveat is the Microsoft data reflects its entire Microsoft portfolio, meaning it includes the company’s legacy platforms. The other note is this data is from the July survey – we’ll have an update for you once ETR releases the October results.

But we’re talking meaningful samples of 620 for AWS, more than 1,000 for Microsoft, and more than 450 respondents for Google.

The real tell is replacements. There is virtually no churn for AWS and Microsoft. Google’s churn is five times those two in the survey. Now, 5% churn is not high, but you’d like to see four things for Google given its smaller size: 1) less churn; 2) much, much higher adoption rates; 3) a higher percentage of spending more (the forest green); and 4) a lower percentage of spending less.

None of these four conditions is really in play for Google. GCP is still not growing fast enough and doesn’t have nearly the traction of the two leaders, according to the data.

BI/analytics performance

Above we have the same XY dimensions (spending momentum against market presence). Again, Microsoft is dominating the picture, with AWS very strong on both axes. Tableau is popular on the X axis and respectable on the vertical axis. And Google, with Looker and its other platforms, is also respectable. But it has some work to do in this area as well to catch up to the leaders.

Notice Streamlit, the accurate Snowflake acquisition, is strong on the vertical axis and will likely move to the right over time. Grafana Labs Inc. is prominent on the Y axis, but a glimpse at the most accurate data shows it slightly declining while Looker improves a bit — as does Cloudera Inc., which will move up slightly.

Microsoft’s performance just blows you away, doesn’t it?

Database and data platforms

Same dimensions for the above graphic (spending velocity versus market presence) but this time for database and data warehouse. Snowflake as usual takes the top spot on the vertical axis with, again, Microsoft and AWS dominant in the market – as is Oracle albeit with less spending velocity. Google is well behind on the X axis but solidly above the 40% mark on the vertical. Note that virtually all platforms will see pressure in the next survey from the macro environment and Microsoft might even dip below the 40% line for the first time in a while.

Snowflake appears more steady than the pack but will also likely see some macro pressures.

Collaboration, productivity and the future of work software

Lastly, let’s look at the collaboration and productivity software market. This is such an important area for both Microsoft and Google.

Same dimensions above (spending velocity versus market presence). Just look at Microsoft with 365 and Teams. The company’s platforms are ubiquitous. And that drives captive IaaS consumption. We’ve highlighted Google. It’s in the pack and certainly has a nice base with 174 N, which we can tell you is rising. But given the investment and the tech behind it and all the AI and Google’s resources, you’d really like to see it above the 40% line given the importance of this space to Google’s success and the degree to which it’s emphasized in its pitches.

And look, this brings up something that we’ve talked about before on Breaking Analysis. Google doesn’t have a tech problem. This is a go-to-market and marketing challenge Google faces. It’s up against two go-to-market champs in Microsoft and AWS and Google doesn’t have an enterprise sales culture. It’s trying. It’s making progress. But it’s like the racehorse that has all the potential in the world but it’s just missing some key ingredient to put it over the top. It’s in the money but hasn’t taken the winner’s purse in any enterprise Grade I races yet.

Final takeaways from Ignite and Cloud Next

Customers and partners should be thrilled that both Microsoft and Google along with AWS are spending so much money on capital expenditure innovation and building out global platforms. This is a gift to the industry and we should be thankful frankly because it’s good for business, competitiveness and the future of innovation.

Now we didn’t talk much about multicloud, but both Microsoft and Google have a story that resonates with customers — unlike AWS at this time. But never say never when it comes to AWS – it will surprise you.

One of the other things Sarbjeet Johal and John Furrier discussed is that each of the Big Three is positioning to their respective strengths. AWS is the best IaaS, Microsoft is building out the “We make it easy for you” cloud and Google is trying to be the open data cloud – with its open-source chops and excellent tech. That posture by Google puts added pressure on Snowflake, doesn’t it?

Kurian made some comments according to CRN – something to the effect that we’re the only company that can do the data cloud thing across clouds – which, again, if we’re being honest, is not accurate. We haven’t clarified the statements with Google and often things get misquoted. But there’s little question that, as AWS has done in the past with Redshift, Google is taking a page out of Snowflake. And Databricks as well.

A big difference in the Big Three is AWS doesn’t have this big up-the-stack collaboration software play. Both Microsoft and Google do, and that drives captive IaaS consumption. AWS obviously has it in database, but independent software vendors that compete with Microsoft and Google should have a greater affinity to AWS, one would think, for competitive reasons. Same thing could be said in security.

One other thing Sarbjeet mentioned that we’ll call out here: AWS specifically but also Microsoft with Azure have successfully created brand distance, as he called it — AWS from Amazon retail and Azure with its own identity. It seems Google still struggles to do so. Now maybe that’s by design, but for enterprise customers, there’s still some potential confusion with Google, what its intentions really are, how long it will continue to lose money and invest.

We didn’t talk much about ecosystem, but it’s vital and Google has some work to do relative to the leaders. Which leads us to the supercloud. The ecosystem and end customers are now in a position this decade to digitally transform and build out their own clouds. Not by building data centers and installing racks of servers — rather to build value on top of the hyperscaler gift that’s been presented.

And that is a megatrend that we’re watching closely in theCUBE community. While there’s debate about the supercloud name and so forth, there’s little question in our minds that the next decade of cloud won’t be like the last, and that building value on top of hyperscale infrastructure is fundamental to digital transformations.

Keep in touch

Thanks to Alex Myerson and Ken Shiffman, who are on production, podcasts and media workflows for Breaking Analysis. Special thanks to Kristen Martin and Cheryl Knight, who help us keep our community informed and get the word out, and to Rob Hof, our editor in chief at SiliconANGLE.

Remember we publish each week on Wikibon and SiliconANGLE. These episodes are all available as podcasts wherever you listen.

Email, DM @dvellante on Twitter and comment on our LinkedIn posts.

Also, check out this ETR Tutorial we created, which explains the spending methodology in more detail. Note: ETR is a separate company from Wikibon and SiliconANGLE. If you would like to cite or republish any of the company’s data, or inquire about its services, please contact ETR at

Here’s the full video analysis:

All statements made regarding companies or securities are strictly beliefs, points of view and opinions held by SiliconANGLE Media, Enterprise Technology Research, other guests on theCUBE and guest writers. Such statements are not recommendations by these individuals to buy, sell or hold any security. The content presented does not constitute investment advice and should not be used as the basis for any investment decision. You and only you are responsible for your investment decisions.

Disclosure: Many of the companies cited in Breaking Analysis are sponsors of theCUBE and/or clients of Wikibon. None of these firms or other companies have any editorial control over or advanced viewing of what’s published in Breaking Analysis.

Image: Tada Images/Adobe Stock

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Sat, 15 Oct 2022 20:48:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Analysing the Vuelta a España's revolutionary podium and what it means for the future

Vuelta a España

This year's Vuelta a España turned out to be momentous in multiple different ways. Not only was it Belgium's first Grand Tour victory in 44 years, with Remco Evenepoel turning into even more of a superstar in his home country, it was a big race for Spain too. It was the country's best result at their race for years, and new hopes for the future emerged.

While Belgium loses its mind over Evenepoel of Quick-Step Alpha Vinyl, Spain finally has renewed hope in cycling, as Alejandro Valverde (Movistar) finally exits stage right.

Beyond this, however, the podium at the Vuelta was one of the youngest ever, as was the top five; the sport really is now in the hands of those born in the late 1990s and early 2000s.

It might not have been the most exciting Grand Tour in accurate history, struggling to live up to the accurate Tour de France, but it is still worth a look at the full results to fully understand what this means for now, and for the future.

The first teenage Grand Tour podium finisher since 1904

Juan Ayuso

There was already hype around Juan Ayuso before this Vuelta a España, but now it feels like the hype can be fully justified. At the age of just 19, the Catalonian finished third at his first Grand Tour, a year younger than Tadej Pogačar did, at the same race, in 2019.

Ayuso is the only UAE Team Emirates rider with a longer contract than the Slovenian legend, and while he might not have the same all round talent, has the same promise. For Spain, this is huge; while it might be no guarantee of future performance, it looks like the 19-year-old is here to stay at the top of cycling.

Remember, he did all this after testing positive for Covid, which makes his ride all the more impressive. The last time a Grand Tour ended with a teenager on its podium was 1904, when Henri Cornet won the Tour de France. 118 years later, Ayuso will hope to have a better rest of a career than the Frenchman did, and if he keeps his form up, surely will.

Evenepoel might dominate the headlines out of Spain, and rightly so, with the 22-year-old racking up 36 wins so far in his short career, including this Vuelta with two stage wins, but the man three years his junior is bigger news in his home country.

Extraordinarily young GT top five

Thanks to the presence of Ayuso and Evenepoel, along with João Almeida (UAE Team Emirates), the Vuelta had the youngest Grand Tour top five of any race in the 21st century. That's 68 races where the average age of the top five was more than this Vuelta, which ended with a top 5 who on average aged 24.

With 22-year-old Thymen Arensman (DSM) and 21-year-old Carlos Rodríguez (Ineos Grenadiers) finishing just outside the top five, it could have been even lower. Obviously, this was helped by the absence of practically ancient 32-year-old Primož Roglič (Jumbo-Visma) from the final result, with Miguel Ángel López looking incredibly old in the top five at 28.

The graph below shows how the Vuelta has been trending younger in accurate years, as has the Tour mostly, but this is younger than all so far. While this might be excused away because the final Grand Tour of the year is often used to blood younger riders, they don't often finish high up on the general classification. All in all, apart from this year's Giro d'Italia, the top of the GC seems to be getting younger.

Vuelta a España

Spain is back! Alejandro Valverde can retire

Alejandro Valverde

The three home countries of the Grand Tours have not often performed as well as they might have liked in accurate years. It's well known that France has not won the Tour since 1985 and Bernard Hinault, but this year's Vuelta was the first time that two Spaniards finished on the podium of their Grand Tour since 2014.

2014 was also the last time that two Frenchman stood on the Tour's podium, and you have to go back even further, to 2010, to find the last time two Italians were on the Giro podium at the end of the race.

Enric Mas (Movistar) and Ayuso were obviously off the pace set by Evenepoel, but at least they were up there challenging, as was Carlos Rodríguez in seventh. Not since the glory days of Alejandro Valverde (Movistar), Alberto Contador and Joaquim Rodríguez has Spain had such options on the general classification. It's fortunate news for Valverde, who can finally retire knowing that Spanish cycling isn't completely in the doldrums.

Remco continues trend of young GT winners

Remco Evenepoel (Quickstep-Alpha Vinyl) celebrates victory in the 2022 Vuelta a España

Remco Evenepoel might not be quite as young as Tadej Pogačar was when he won his first Grand Tour (22 vs 20), but the Belgian continues the trend of young Grand Tour winners in accurate years.

As the graph below shows, the majority of Grand Tours in accurate years have been won by those under 30, dramatically so in the case of the Tour de France, a trend started by then 22-year-old Egan Bernal in 2019.

All three Grand Tours this year have been won by riders winning their first three-week race, the first time this has happened since 2019. Also, all three winners have been under 30 for the first time since 2019. Further to this, however, all three winners - Jai Hindley (Bora-Hansgrohe), Jonas Vingegaard (Jumbo-Visma) and Evenepoel - are aged 26 or younger for the first time since 1970, a feat that has now happened just five times in Grand Tour history.

1935, 1936, 1958, 1967 and 1970 are the only previous occasions where the Giro, Vuelta, and Tour have all been won by riders aged 26 or younger. This is remarkable, and supports a theory that riders are getting better younger. The future is bright.

Vuelta a España

Wed, 14 Sep 2022 10:14:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Researchers use beams of muons to analyze the elemental composition of Asteroid Ryugu samples

Stone samples brought back to Earth from asteroid Ryugu have had their elemental composition analyzed using an artificially generated muon beam from the particle accelerator in J-PARC. Researchers found a number of important elements needed to sustain life, including carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen, but also found the oxygen abundance relative to silicon in asteroid Ryugu was different from all meteorites that have been found on Earth, reports a new study in Science.

In 2014, the unmanned asteroid explorer Hayabusa 2 was launched into space by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) with a mission to bring back samples from asteroid Ryugu, a type C asteroid that researchers believed was rich in carbon. After successfully landing on Ryugu and collecting samples, Hayabusa 2 returned to Earth in December 2020 with samples intact.

Since 2021, researchers have been running the first analyses of the samples, led by University of Tokyo Professor Shogo Tachibana. Split into several teams, researchers have been studying the samples in different ways, including stone shapes, elemental distribution, and mineral composition.

In this study, led by Tohoku University Professor Tomoki Nakamura, Professor Tadayuki Takahashi and graduate student Shunsaku Nagasawa of the Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (Kavli IPMU), University of Tokyo, in collaboration with the High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK) Institute for Materials Structure Science, Osaka University, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Kyoto University, International Christian University, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS), and Tohoku University, have applied elemental analysis methods using negative muons, produced by the accelerator at J-PARC.

They applied the elemental analysis method using negative muons to stones from the asteroid Ryugu, succeeding in nondestructively determining their elemental compositions.

This was important, because if asteroids in the solar system were built at the beginning of the formation of the solar system itself, then they would still be withholding information about the average at that time, and therefore of the entire solar system.

Analysis of meteorites that have fallen to Earth have been carried out in the past, but it is possible these samples have been contaminated by the Earth's atmosphere. So, until Hayabusa 2, no one knew what the chemical composition of an asteroid was for sure.

But the researchers faced a challenge. Because of the limited amount of samples and the large number of other researchers wanting to study them, they needed to find a way to run their analyses without damaging them so that the samples could be passed on to other groups.

The team had developed a new method, which involved shooting a quantum beam, or specifically a beam of negative muons, produced by one of the world's largest high-energy particle accelerators J-PARC in Ibaraki prefecture, Japan, to identify the chemical elements of sensitive samples without breaking them.

Takahashi and Nagasawa then applied statistical analysis techniques in X-ray astronomy and particle physics experiments to analyze muon characteristic X-ray.

Muons are one of the elementary particles in the universe. Their ability to penetrate deeper into materials than X-rays makes them ideal in material analysis. When a negative muon is captured by the irradiated sample, a muonic atom is formed. The muonic X-rays emitted from the new muonic atoms have high energy, and so can be detected with high sensitivity. This method was used to analyze the Ryugu samples.

But there was another challenge. In order to keep the samples from being contaminated by the Earth's atmosphere, the researchers needed to keep the samples out of contact with oxygen and water in the air. Therefore, they had to develop an experimental setup, casing the trial in a chamber of helium gas. The inner walls of the chamber were lined with pure copper to minimize the background noise when analyzing the samples.

In June 2021, 0.1 grams of Ryugu asteroid were brought into J-PARC, and the researchers ran their muon X-ray analysis, which produced an energy spectrum. In it, they found the elements needed to produce life, carbon, nitrogen and oxygen, but they also found the trial had a composition similar to that of carbonaceous chondrite (CI chondrite) asteroids, which are often referred to as the standard for solid substances in the solar system. This showed the Ryugu stones were some of the earliest stones to have formed in our solar system.

However, while similar in composition to CI chondrites, the Ryugu sample's oxygen abundance relative to silicon was about 25 percent less than that of the CI chondrite. The researchers say this could indicate that the excess oxygen abundance relative to silicon in CI chondrites could have come from contamination after they entered Earth's atmosphere. Ryugu stones could set a new standard for matter in the solar system.

More information: T. Nakamura, Formation and evolution of carbonaceous asteroid Ryugu: Direct evidence from returned samples, Science (2022). DOI: 10.1126/science.abn8671.

Provided by Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe

Citation: Researchers use beams of muons to analyze the elemental composition of Asteroid Ryugu samples (2022, September 22) retrieved 17 October 2022 from

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Thu, 22 Sep 2022 06:35:00 -0500 en text/html

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